Prof. Dr. Holger Kersten
Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg
Institut für Anglistik und Amerikanistik

The Presidency in American Culture and Politics
  An Outline of US Government

Charters of Freedom (

  • Declaration of Independence
  • Constitution of the United States
  • Bill of Rights

"The Oxford English Dictionary of American constitutional history"

The print edition of The Founders' Constitution has proved since its publication in 1986 to be an invaluable aid to all those seeking a deeper understanding of one of our nation's most important legal documents.

The documents included range from the early seventeenth century to the 1830s, from the reflections of philosophers to popular pamphlets, from public debates in ratifying conventions to the private correspondence of the leading political actors of the day.

  Founding Documents  
  The United States Constitution  
  The Declaration of Independence
Jefferson's "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence  
  The Articles of Confederation

Constitution of the United States:

Article II

The Avalon Project at Yale Law School
Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy

Section 1- President: his term of office. Electors of President; number and how appointed. Electors to vote on same day. Qualification of President. On whom his duties devolve in case of his removal, death, etc. President's compensation. His oath of office.

1. The Executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold office during the term of four years, and together with the Vice President, chosen for the same term, be elected as follows: [ . . . ]


The Anti-Federalist Papers
Chronology of the Pro- and Anti-Federalist Papers and how they related to one another and to key events
  Annals of Congress

The Annals of Congress, formally known as The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States, cover the 1st Congress through the first session of the 18th Congress, from 1789 to 1824. The Annals were not published contemporaneously, but were compiled between 1834 and 1856, using the best records available, primarily newspaper accounts. Speeches are paraphrased rather than presented verbatim, but the record of debate is nonetheless fuller than that available from the House and Senate Journals.


  • The United States Constitution, Articles I-VII
  • The Bill of Rights/Amendments I-X
  • Amendments XI-XXVII
  • James Madison's Notes of the Constitutional Convention
  • The Federalist Papers
  • Anti-Federalist and Pro-Federalist Papers

The Constitutional Sources Project was founded in 2005 as a 501(c)(3) non-profit with the singular goal of creating and maintaining the first, free, fully-indexed, comprehensive online library of constitutional sources.

Towards this goal, the project launched on Constitution Day, September 17, 2007 with five core founding collections containing roughly 1,000 documents. Washington's Papers, a collection of over 10,000, was added in time for President's Day February 2008. [ . . . ] No other project has searchable text transcripts, high-resolution original images, advanced searching, and scholarly certification standards for its documents. More, no other project cross-references each document to the Constitution.


United States Congress

Annals of Congress | Background Information | Bills | Choosing Topic | Committee Hearings/Reports | Committee Markups/Votes | Congressional Globe | Congressional Record | CRS Reports | Debates | Documents | Floor Calendars | Floor Votes | Hearings Laws | Presidential Statements | Register of Debates | Regulations | Rules | Serial Set | Years/Congress Conversion

American President: An Online Reference Resource

A comprehensive collection of material about the Presidents of the United States and the history of the presidency. This web site features essays about the President's life before, during, and after each presidential term. It additionally provides information about the First Lady and cabinet officials of each administration. A collection of essays on the President at Work delves into the function, responsibilities, and organization of the modern presidency and traces the history and evolution of presidential duties.


We offer an excellent source of information for students, professors, professionals, or those seeking to gain additional familiarity with the Presidents of the United States of America. We present exclusive biographies of all forty-two United States Presidents, from America's first, George Washington, all the way up to today's current leader, George W. Bush Jr. In addition we also offer information on topics such as the Whitehouse, President's Day, State of the Union, Oval Office, Air Force One, and Camp David.
The Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States contains material that was compiled and published by the Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration. It includes volumes covering the administrations of Presidents Hoover, Roosevelt, Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, Bush, and Clinton. As subsequent volumes are published, they will be added online.

Washington Resources at the University of Virginia Library.

The Writings of George Washington from the Original Manuscript Sources, 1745-1799. 39 volumes, edited by John C. Fitzpatrick (1931-44).


The Jefferson Digital Archive

Contains electronic texts by or to Jefferson (over 1,700 items, including some color manuscript images), biographical information, The Jeffersonian Cyclopedia: A Comprehensive Collection of the Views of Thomas Jefferson (9,000 entries arranged by theme, date, topic, recipient, and place of publication, relating to government, politics, law, education, political economy, finance, science, art, literature, religious freedom, and morals), quotations from the Writings of Thomas Jefferson and other resources.


The Abraham Lincoln Quarterly

Between 1940 and 1952, the Abraham Lincoln Association published fifty-two issues of The Abraham Lincoln Quarterly, a journal with original articles regarding all facets of Abraham Lincoln's life and the world in which he lived.


The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln

In 1953, the Abraham Lincoln Association published The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, a multi-volume set of Lincoln's correspondence, speeches, and other writings. Roy P. Basler and his editorial staff, with the continued support of the association, spent five years transcribing and annotating Lincoln's papers. The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln represented the first major scholarly effort to collect and publish the complete writings of Abraham Lincoln, and the edition has remained an invaluable resource to Lincoln scholars.

The White House Historical Association is a charitable nonprofit institution whose purpose is to enhance the understanding, appreciation and enjoyment of the White House. To fulfill its purpose, the White House Historical Association produces educational literature and films, develops special programs, and maintains a web site interpreting the White House and its history and the persons and events associated with it. From private funding and the sale of its educational products, the Association supports the acquisition of artwork and objects for the White House collection and contributes to the conservation of the public room
  Online Exhibit from the National Museum of American History


[Text prepared for "From Revolution to Reconstruction - an .HTML project"]

This area is an index on the presidents of the United States and contains information and documents of their speeches, writings, biographies and anything else related to their person or the office they are holding.

  The American Presidency Project (
The American Presidency Project was established in 1999 as a collaboration between John Woolley and Gerhard Peters at the University of California, Santa Barbara.

Our archives contain 77,768 documents related to the study of the Presidency.


  American Rhetoric
Online Speech Bank: Database of and index to 5000+ full text, audio and video versions of public speeches, sermons, legal proceedings, lectures, debates, interviews, other recorded media events, and a declaration or two.

U.S. Presidency Links

by Russell D. Renka, Professor of Political Science (Southeast Missouri State University)

An excellent collection of online resources


Teaching the Modern Presidency on the Internet

by Russell D. Renka, Professor of Political Science (Southeast Missouri State University)

The modern American presidency lends itself exceptionally well to being taught online, but that's not to say every aspect of the office and its occupant is comparably amenable to website courses. This paper shows that there is wide variation in what is available, in quality control, and in usability.

  George W. Bush and the Imperial Presidency (a selection of online materials)


  Version vom 30.08.2018